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A Humanitarian Tradition
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Australian colonial law was written as if the continent "belonged to no one" prior to 1788. This was pretence, and the colonists knew it.

Captain James Cook had detailed the existence of indigenous Australians many years before white settlement.

And once established, the practicalities of governing the colonies required authorities to address what was seen as the "native problem".

Despite the resulting cruelty, there was throughout this period, an influential humanitarian lobby, which protested against brutality and devised often misguided forms of 'welfare' for aboriginal people.

To understand the development of land rights policy in Australia, it's necessary to tell the story of this colonial, humanitarian tradition.
Crown Land
Topic
 
colonisation, doctrine of tenure, indigenous Australians, International law, native title, New South Wales, sovereignty, terra nullius
Yirrkala & Gove
Topic
1963-1971
bark petition, Gove, industry, land rights, Marika, Roy, mining, Nabalco, Yunupingu, Galarrwuy
Australia In The Eyes Of The World
Topic
1992-
Australia, Australia, Australian International Relations, human rights, indigenous people, International law, national identity, native title, social justice
Ways of seeing indigenous Australians
Text
 
colonialism, colonists, crown land, land boundaries, land ownership, recognition, sovereignty, Sydney Gazette
Major Mitchell's regrets
Text
1792-1855
coexistence, colonial warfare, colonialism, colonists, cultural preservation, culture, First Fleet, Mitchell, Sir Thomas, Sydney
A view of Sydney Cove, NSW
Image
 
aborigines, colonisation, conquest, settlements
Was Batman a Fraud?
Text
Jun, 6, 1835
Batman, John, coexistence, land boundaries, land ownership, New South Wales, Port Phillip Association, treaties, treaties
Treaty, Sale or Tanderum?
Text
Jun, 6, 1835
Batman, John, coexistence, culture, Kulin nation, Port Phillip Association, trade, treaties
Batman's treaty with the Aborigines at Merri Creek
Image
Jun, 6, 1835
Batman, John, Port Phillip Association
Colonial Warfare
Topic
1788-1929
Australia, colonial warfare, colonialism, colonists, genocide, land rights, martial law, massacres, Tasmania, war, Warlpiri
The Supervised Life
Topic
 
assimilation, colonialism, colonists, paternalism, racism, reserves
Assimilation
Topic
 
assimilation, Australia, Australia, indigenous Australians, racism, Stolen Generation
Defining Native Title
Topic
 
aboriginal law, land ownership, native title
Dispossession
Topic
 
colonisation, dispossession
GovernmentAuthority
Topic
1879
assimilation, Mer, Murray Island, Murray Island Council, Murray Island Native Court, Queensland, school
Human Rights
Topic
 
human rights, International law, Mabo judgement, Racial Discrimination Act , 1975 , United Nations
Rations & Reserves
Topic
1800s
humanitarians, land rights, missionaries, missions, reserves
Reception Of English Law
Topic
 
colonisation, Common Law, International law
Terra Nullius & Australia
Topic
 
crown land, dispossession, doctrine of tenure, First Fleet, land rights, resistance, terra nullius
The Age Of Paternalism
Topic
 
Chief Protector of Aborigines, colonisation, Federation, International law, paternalism, protection, terra nullius, White Australia Policy
The Status Of Australian Colonies
Topic
 
crown land, land ownership, sovereignty, terra nullius