This is an NFSA Digital Learning resource. See all Digital Learning websites.
Cultural Diversity & Common Identity
More Information
Web video - requires <a href="http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download/">QuickTime</a> <br> <a href="#transcript">Transcript here</a>

Traditional aboriginal societies were diverse.

In regions where animal life was rich, high protein meat diets were the order of the day. Elsewhere, vegetable, seed and insect products were prominent in the diet.

In desert areas, hunters ranged over huge distances, while among coastal and river aborigines, where fishing was also important, communities were larger and more sedentary.

There was also enormous diversity in social organisation and artistic expression; more than two hundred languages were spoken throughout Australia.

And while regional alliances were sometimes forged to deal with a common problem or enemy, it wasn't until the twentieth century, that a 'national' aboriginal identity emerged.
Advancement League
Topic
1962-1970
Aboriginal Advancement League, activism, Townsville
Black Community School
Topic
1973-1985
Black Community School, cultural preservation, Mabo, Bonita, Mabo, Edward Koiki, Townsville, Townsville
The Torres Strait Islands Flag
Image
 
dari, flag, Torres Strait
Diversity & Unity
Text
 
cultural preservation, culture, custom, fishing, hunting, land use, language, language, Tasmania, Western Australia, Western Desert
Peterson's Map
Text
1976
anthropology, cultural preservation, culture, custom, land boundaries, tribes
The Archaeology of Diversity
Text
 
archaeology, cultural preservation, culture, custom, fishing, hunting
Indigenous Unity
Text
 
bicentennial, cultural preservation, culture, custom, Namok, Bernard, national identity, spirit, Thomas, Harold, Torres Strait Islanders
Bicentennial Protests
Video
1989
bicentennial, colonisation, land rights, resistance
Arrente Women Dancing
Image and Text
Apr, 1, 1901
aborigines, anthropology, Arrente, Baldwin Spencer, Walter, Central Australia, cultural preservation, culture, custom, Northern Territory
A Group of Janjula
Image and Text
Dec, 1901
aborigines, anthropology, Baldwin Spencer, Walter, cultural preservation, culture, custom, Macarthur River, Northern Territory
A Sacred Landscape
Topic
 
aboriginal property ownership, anthropology, Australia, clans, dispossession, kinship, land ownership, religion, sacred
General Principles Of Native Title
Topic
 
aboriginal law, Common Law, native title, Native Title Act (1993)
Meriam Mir
Topic
 
Black Community School, education, language, Mabo, Edward Koiki, Meriam culture, Meriam Mer, Miles, Robert 'Bob'
Resistance
Topic
 
activism, land rights, land rights, resistance, strike, unionism
Seafarers & Food Growers
Topic
 
fishing, gardening, sea rights, seafarers
The Eight Clans
Topic
 
clans, Mer, Meriam culture, Murray Island
Aboriginal Flags
Image
1971
Barunga Statement, flag