This is an NFSA Digital Learning resource. See all Digital Learning websites.
Aboriginal Rights & Title In Canada
More Information
Web video - requires <a href="http://www.apple.com/quicktime/download/">QuickTime</a> <br> <a href="#transcript">Transcript here</a>

In Canada, the recognition of 'Aboriginal title' came in 1973, a hundred and fifty years after the United States.

However, federal government responsibility for Aboriginal peoples and their lands and a system of treaties and reservations on traditional territories protected some areas.

In 1982, Constitutional reform saw the inclusion of section 35 of the Canadian Constitution.

This expressly protects Aboriginal rights against the unjustified exercise of power by the Canadian federal government.

The government also initiated a comprehensive claims process, which enabled the re-negotiation of treaty relationships and the signing of self-government agreements with Aboriginal first nations.
International Comparisons
Topic
 
British law, Canada, colonialism, Common Law, High Court of Australia, Mabo Case, native title, New Zealand (Aotearoa), United States of America
US Domestic Dependent Nation Doctrine
Topic
1823
indigenous people, International law, treaties, United States of America
The recognition of Aboriginal rights
Text
1973-1984
Aboriginal Title, Calder v Attorney-General, 1973 , Canada, Canada, First Nations Canada, Guerin v The Queen, Hamlet of Baker Lake v Minister for Indian Affairs (1979), indigenous people, International Court Case, International law, Supreme Court of Canada
Delgamuukw v British Columbia: Aboriginal title Aboriginal rights
Text
1997
British Columbia, Canada, Common Law, Delgamuukw v British Columbia, First Nations Canada, indigenous people, International Court Case, International law, Mabo v Queensland No.2, R v Van Der Peet (1996), Supreme Court of Canada
The Gitksan and Wet'suwet'en people
Image
 
Canada, First Nations Canada
Two Row Wampum
Text
 
Canada, First Nations Canada, treaties
Canada's Newest Territory Celebrates
Newspaper
Apr, 3, 1999
Canada, First Nations Canada, indigenous people, Inuit, Nunavat
The Nisga'a Final Agreement
Text
1998
Canada, First Nations Canada, indigenous people, International law, Nisga'a, recognition
Other Jurisdictions
Topic
1973
colonisation, Common Law, High Court of Australia, Mabo Case, native title, Papua New Guinea
Other Lands Settled By The British
Topic
 
Canada, colonisation, Common Law, native title, New Zealand (Aotearoa), treaties, Treaty of Waitangi, 1840 , United States of America
Calder v Attorney General of Canada
URL
Nov, 30, 1999
British Columbia, Calder v Attorney-General, 1973 , Canada, indigenous people, International Court Case